Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese communist leader who was Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1955 and President of the country from 1945 to his death in 1969. He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Việt Cộng (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War.
He led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the battle of Điện Biên Phủ. He officially stepped down from power in 1965 due to health problems, but remained a highly visible figurehead and inspiration for those Vietnamese fighting for his cause—a united, communist Vietnam—until his death. After the war, Saigon, the former capital of the Republic of Vietnam, was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City; however, the name Saigon is still very widely used. Just like other deceased Asian dictators of his time like Mao Zedong of China, Ferdinand Marcos of the Phillippines and the Kims of North Korea Minh also became the subject of a personality cult. The character Ho is named after him.