Kenan Evren was a Turkish military officer who served as President of Turkey from 1980 to 1989. He assumed the post by leading the 1980 coup of 12 September.
During his military regime, many people were tortured and executed due to their political beliefs. Evren took strong measures to ensure that the division between the political left and right would not turn into violence again; the new constitution limited the rights and depoliticized the youth. The character Kenan is named after him.
He died in 2015 at the age of 97 in a hospital in Turkey.
The aftermath of his coup:
- 650,000 people were under arrest.
- 1,683,000 people were blacklisted.
- 230,000 people were judged in 210,000 lawsuits.
- 7,000 people were asked for the death penalty.
- 517 persons were sentenced to death.
- 50 of those given the death penalty were executed (26 political prisoners, 23 criminal offenders and 1 ASALA militant).
- The files of 259 people, which had been asked for the death penalty, were sent to the National Assembly.
- 71,000 people were judged on account of the articles 141, 142 and 163 in Turkish Penal Code.
- 98,404 people were judged on charges of being members of a leftist, a rightist, a nationalist, a conservative, etc. organization.
- 388,000 people were not given a passport.
- 30,000 people were dismissed from their firms because they were suspects and therefore inconvenient.
- 14,000 people were removed from citizenship.
- 30,000 people went abroad as a political refugee.
- 300 people died in a suspicious manner.
- Documented that 171 people died by reason of torture.
- 937 films were banned because these were found objectionable.
- 23,677 associations had their activities stopped.
- 3,854 teachers, 120 lecturers and 47 judges were dismissed.
- 400 journalists were asked a total of 4000 years’ imprisonment.
- Journalists were sentenced 3315 years and 6 months’ imprisonment.
- 31 journalists went to jail.
- 300 journalists were attacked.
- 3 journalists were shot dead.
- 300 days in which newspapers were not published.
- 303 cases were opened for 13 major newspapers.
- 39 tonnes of newspapers and magazines were destroyed.
- 299 people lost their lives in prison.
- 144 people died in a suspicious manner.
- 14 people died in a hunger strike.
- While fleeing, 16 people were shot.
- 95 people were killed in combat.
- “Natural death report” for 73 persons was given.
- The cause of death of 43 people was announced as “suicide”.